Tag Archives: Holiday
Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ʿīd al-aḍḥā, “festival of the sacrifice”), also called Feast of the Sacrifice, the Major Festival, the Greater Eid, Kurban Bayram (Turkish: Kurban Bayramı; Serbo-Croat-Bosnian: kurban-bajram), Eid-e-Qurban(Persian: عید قربان), Eid-ul-Bakr, and Bakrid (Hindustani, Urdu: بقر عيد), is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide to honour the willingness of the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his young first-born son Ismail (Ishmael) as an act of submission to God’s command and his son’s acceptance to being sacrificed, before God intervened to provide Abraham with a Lamb to sacrifice instead. In the lunar Islamic calendar, Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for four days. In the international Gregorian calendar, the dates vary from year to year, drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year.
Eid al-Adha is the latter of the two Eid holidays, the former being Eid al-Fitr. The basis for the Eid al-Adha comes from the 196th verse of the 2nd sura of the Quran. The word “Eid” appears once in the 5th sura of the Quran, with the meaning “solemn festival”.
Like Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a Sunnah prayer of two rakats followed by a sermon (khuṭbah). Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the descent of the Hajj from Mount Arafat, a hill east of Mecca. Ritual observance of the holiday lasts until sunset of the 12th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. Eid sacrifice may take place until sunset on the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. The days of Eid have been singled out in the Hadith as “days of remembrance”. The days of Tashriq are from the Fajr prayer of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah up to the Asr prayer of the 13th of Dhul Hijjah (5 days and 4 nights). This equals 23 prayers: 5 on the 9th-12th, which equal 20, and 3 on the 13th.
Malacañang yesterday declared as regular holiday Aug. 30 (Tuesday), as provided for in Republic Act 9177, popularly known in the Muslim community as Eid’l Fitr or the feast of Ramadan. Eid’l Fitr is celebrated by the Muslim world for three days after the end of the month of fasting. It has been declared by the Aquino administration as a regular holiday throughout the country.
Prior to the declaration of Aug. 30 as a regular holiday, Aug. 29, which falls on a Monday, the first working day of the week, has been declared as National Heroes’ Day and is thus also considered a regular holiday.
In declaring Eid’l Fitr, Aquino issued Proclamation 234 which promotes “cultural understanding and integration” to enable Filipinos to “join their Muslim brothers and sisters” in the observance and celebration of the feast of Ramadan.
“In order to bring the religious and cultural significance of Eid’l Fitr to the fore of national consciousness, it is necessary to declare Tuesday, Aug. 30, 2011, as a regular holiday throughout the country,” a portion of the proclamation read.